Whether you are building a new stable for your horse, or perhaps you are renovating another building to serve as a stable. In either case, it is important to emphasize upon proper stable design and placement. To construct a safe, comfortable stable for your horse you must consider factors such as how to use the land, number of horses, their breed and local weather conditions.
Placement of windows
Windows are the best way to provide natural ventilation and lighting. Therefore, try to incorporate as many windows as possible in your stable design. This is especially recommended for warmer climates to secure horses from overheat. For colder climates, it is wiser to incorporate roof vents. To make sure that the horses can’t break the glass you should cover windows with a grill or mesh. It is better to install windows that swing open as compared to sliders because they perform better in the long run.
While deciding the position of a stable make sure that it is placed where the wind will move parallel to it. If you are going to build your stable in an area with insufficient air flow, you must install motorized vents.
Making stable life easier
Designing an open, large stable will make sure there is plenty of space for horses to roam, this is even more important if you have large number of horses. Most horses dislike being stabled and their natural instinct is to flee at the first sign of trouble. Therefore, your stable must be designed to keep your horses’ stress level at minimum. You can add skylights to the design as they allow more daylight into the stable, which will make your horse more comfortable. All these design improvements are a must to implement on the stables designed for professional horses, as such horses require a highly comfortable environment to stay.
Consider the breed
Another important factor to consider while designing a stable is the breed of horse. For foals, ponies or horses that are owned for pleasure, a smaller stable is enough. You can build stalls in one long row, by allotting a minimum of 12 feet to each stall. For stables with a variety of horse stalls, it is better to build separate feeding areas. However, if your stable has only two stalls, you can combine the feeding area.
If you own large horses, you need to build a different style of stable, depending on the breed. For broodmares, build two rows of stalls along with a main aisle. Allot at least 16 feet per stall. Also include toilets, tack rooms, supplies, one office, hot water, and a place to store bedding and feed. If the stable will house stallions, build stalls of 14 feet and a small equipment room. For barren mares, it is a norm to provide an open area with a center trough, also make sure that each horse gets 150 square feet to roam. Yearlings and weanlings can be kept in the same open stable, separated by their age and sex. If you want to use stalls for them, the appropriate size is 10 square feet. It is recommended to create an isolated area for sick or new horses. For this it is better to build a small barn of 12 square feet with feed, water and stalls.